By exploring these and dialling in the ones that affect you the most:

– What you eat and drink
– Sleep
– Past experiences
– Friends and family
– Relationships
– The things you do to cope
– Beliefs
– Activities and hobbies (as in, sometimes returning to snowboarding is exactly what you need, even if you think you can’t)
– Emotions
– Strength and fitness
– General health

The pain level doesn’t always correlate with the severity of the tissue injury. Especially chronic pain that lasts more than 90 days. After all, most tissue injuries heal by the 90-day mark.

None of this means that the pain you feel doesn’t exist. It just means that the cause of the pain isn’t where we previously used to think it was.

I attended a pain education seminar by Pain Revolution on Thursday night last week, so all this is on top of my mind. If you’d like to receive the eight-page handout from the seminar, email me, and I’ll scan it for you. I find them especially helpful for anyone trying to understand and reduce their own pain.

And as always, if you’ve got any pain-related questions, ask away. If I don’t know the answer, I know others who are way smarter than me. And they can ask their friends.